About 410 Shotgun Ammo
Introduced by the British gunmaker Eley in the late 19th century, 410 shotgun shells were designed for the .410 bore shotgun and designed for hunting small game.
In the early 20th century, smokeless powder became the standard for shotgun ammunition propellant, and .410 ammo was adapted to use this new powder.
Unlike other shotgun gauges, which are named based on the number of lead balls of barrel diameter that would make a pound, the .410 bore is named directly after its caliber size of .410 inches.
Many shooters appreciate its low recoil, versatility, and the marksmanship challenge it presents, especially in hunting scenarios, making 410 ammo popular for hunting, skeet shooting, and even self-defense for some owners.
Over the years, the 410 ammo has proven its versatility, capable of firing a range of ammunition types including, birdshot, buckshot, and slugs.
The shells have also become particularly popular for hunting small game and birds, where the goal is to preserve meat quality, and it also holds a place in the world of skeet shooting.
Today, .410 ammo has remained an effective and versatile option, experiencing a resurgence with the introduction of handguns and long guns designed to fire .410 shotgun shells, such as the Taurus Judge and the Smith & Wesson Governor, which can also fire .45 Colt cartridges.
Common Name of 410 Ammo
Since its initial release in 1874, 410 ammo has had many different name variations. Some of the most common include:
- .410 Bore
- 410 Gauge Ammo
- 410 Shells
- 410 Shotgun Shells
- .410 Ammo
- 410 Slugs
Regardless of your preferred nomenclature, 410 shells have gained a dedicated following over the years and are available in the lineup of every significant American ammo manufacturer.
Popular 410 Ammo Manufactures
Renowned for its high-quality ammunition, Federal Premium offers a range of .410 shells, including birdshot, buckshot, and slugs.
A long-established brand in the firearms industry, Remington produces a variety of .410 ammunition, including their popular Express line of shotgun shells.
Winchester offers a broad selection of .410 ammo, including their Super-X and AA lines, which are popular for hunting and target shooting.
Hornady’s Critical Defense line includes a .410 bore load designed specifically for self-defense, featuring a unique slug and two balls for maximum effectiveness.
This Italian manufacturer offers a range of .410 shells, including options for hunting and target shooting.
Sellier & Bellot
A European manufacturer with a long history, Sellier & Bellot produces .410 ammunition that is well-regarded for its consistency and reliability.
Nobel Sport Italia
This Italian manufacturer offers a range of .410 bore ammunition, with options for both hunting and sport shooting applications.
Aguila is a Mexican manufacturer that has gained popularity for providing reliable and affordable ammunition, including .410 shotshells.
Federal (Federal Ammunition)
A part of Vista Outdoor, Federal Ammunition produces a wide range of .410 bore shotgun shells, including their well-known Game-Shok line for hunting.
In addition to firearms, Browning produces ammunition, including a variety of .410 bore shotgun shells for hunting and target shooting.
PMC (Precision Made Cartridges)
PMC offers a selection of .410 bore ammunition that is appreciated for its consistency and reliability.
Troy is known for producing a variety of ammunition, including .410 bore shotgun shells used for hunting and target shooting.
Popular Firearms that Shoot .410 Ammo
Mossberg 500 .410 Pump-Action Shotgun
A reliable and versatile pump-action shotgun, ideal for hunting and home defense.
Remington 870 .410 Bore Wingmaster
Known for its smooth action and durability, the 870 Wingmaster is a favorite among shotgun enthusiasts.
Winchester Model 42
A classic pump-action shotgun specifically designed for .410 bore shells, it’s highly sought after by collectors and shooters.
Henry .410 Lever Action Shotgun
Combining traditional design with modern engineering, this lever-action shotgun is popular for its ease of use and reliability.
Browning BPS .410 Bore
A pump-action shotgun known for its top-tang safety and ambidextrous design, making it a good choice for left and right-handed shooters.
A revolver capable of firing both .410 shotgun shells and .45 Colt cartridges, popular for its versatility in self-defense scenarios.
Smith & Wesson Governor
Similar to the Taurus Judge, the Governor can fire .410 shotgun shells, .45 ACP, and .45 Colt cartridges, offering flexibility for personal protection.
Bond Arms Derringers
Known for their compact design, Bond Arms offers various derringer models that can chamber .410 bore shells.
Rossi Tuffy Single-Shot Shotgun
A break-action single-shot shotgun with a compact design, making it suitable for small game hunting and as a survival gun.
Savage Model 42
A combination gun that features both a .410 shotgun barrel and a .22 LR barrel, providing versatility for hunting different types of game.
Special Purpose Firearms
Henry Axe .410
A unique lever-action firearm that resembles a shotgun but has a barrel length and overall design that classify it as a non-NFA item. It’s popular for its novelty and versatility.
Kel-Tec SUB-2000 .410
A semi-automatic, foldable firearm that shoots .410 bore shells, offering a compact option for plinking and small game hunting.
The Iconic 410 Snake Charmer Shotgun
Named after the traditional profession of 'snake charmers,' who use flutes or other instruments to lure snakes out of hiding. The 410 Snake Charmer shotgun is a compact, lightweight single-shot shotgun designed as a personal defense weapon against snakes and other small predators.
The Snake Charmer is a break-action shotgun that traditionally features a short 18-inch barrel and a simple stock made of polymer or wood.
Popular selling points of the 410 Snake Charmer were its easy operation, simple trigger mechanism, and small button or lever that opens the action for reloading.
Today the Snake Charmer is still frequently used as a snake gun on ranches across the country and for other purposes, such as small game hunting or as a backup weapon for hikers or campers.
410 Ammo Features
The size of the individual pellets in the shell, ranging from #9 (smallest) to #000 (largest).
Gauge: 410 bore
Weight - the total weight of the shot pellets in the shell, usually measured in ounces.
Length - The length of the 410 shotgun shell, typically ranges from 2.5 to 3 inches.
410 shotguns produce far less noise than larger, more traditional gauged shotguns.
Reduced noise levels can be beneficial for those who are sensitive to loud noises or who live in areas with noise restrictions
Due to its smaller size and lighter weight, the 410 shotgun typically produces less recoil than larger gauge shotguns, which makes it a good option for youth or smaller-framed shooters.
410 shotguns can be used for a variety of purposes, including hunting small game, shooting sports like skeet and trap, and even self-defense with the appropriate ammunition.
Additionally, their simple design, coupled with the single-shot nature of many models, make them easy to operate and maintain.
Compared to other shotgun gauge shells, 410 shells are often less expensive to shoot and may be more affordable for those on a budget.
The shells are also widely available at most sporting goods stores and gun shops, which makes it easy to find and purchase.
410 Shotgun Shells FAQ
QUESTION: What is a 410 shotgun?
ANSWER: A 410 shotgun is a type of shotgun that uses ammunition with a diameter of .410 inches.
The 410 shotgun is smaller in size compared to other shotgun gauges such as the 12-gauge and 20-gauge, making it easier to handle and maneuver.
QUESTION: What is 410 shotgun ammo?
ANSWER: The 410 shotgun ammo is a small-bore shotgun cartridge that measures .410 inches in diameter.
410 ammo is most commonly used for hunting small game, upland birds, and for self-defense.
QUESTION: How is 410 shotgun ammo different from other shotgun ammo?
ANSWER: 410 shotgun ammo is smaller in size compared to other shotgun ammo like the 12-gauge and 20-gauge.
410 also has less recoil and less shot capacity, but it is generally more maneuverable and easier to handle.
QUESTION: What are the common uses of 410 shotgun shells?
ANSWER: 410 shotgun shells are commonly used for hunting small game, snakes, and self-defense.
It can also be used for shooting clay targets, although it is not as commonly used for this as larger shotgun gauges.
QUESTION: How many pellets are in a 410 shotgun shell?
ANSWER: The number of pellets in a 410 shotgun shell depends on the size of the shot. The most popular 410 shells are shot sizes #7.5, #8, and #9.
There are approximately 225 pellets in a 2 ½ inch #9, popular for skeet shooting, while the #7.5 features about 175 pellets.
QUESTION: What types of firearms use 410 shotgun shells?
ANSWER: In addition to the 410 shotgun, a number of handguns also utilize the 410 bore cartridge.
Most notably, the Taurus Judge, Smith & Wesson Governor, and Magnum Research’s Big Frame Revolver (BFR). While the first two are designed for personal defense, the BFR was designed as a hunting handgun.
QUESTION: What is the effective range of a 410 shotgun shell?
ANSWER: The effective range of a 410 shotgun shell depends on the specific load and the firearm it is used in. Generally, it is best used at close to medium ranges of around 25-30 yards.
QUESTION:What shot types are available for 410 shotgun ammo?
ANSWER:The most common shot types for 410 shotgun ammo include birdshot, buckshot, and slug.
Birdshot is used for small game and upland bird hunting, buckshot is used for self-defense, and slugs are used for hunting larger game like deer.
QUESTION: What is the recoil like for 410 shotgun shells?
ANSWER: The recoil for 410 shotgun shells is generally mild compared to larger gauges like the 12 and 20-gauge. This is due to the smaller size and lower amount of shot contained in the shell.
Although recoil is subjective and can vary based on factors like the specific load and firearm, the reduced recoil of 410 shotgun shells makes them a good choice for new or young shooters.